MongoDB Create Database

Welcome to the world of MongoDB, a dynamic, flexible, and scalable database, favored in the development community for its ease of use and powerful features. In this guide, we’ll explore two fundamental aspects of working with MongoDB – creating a database and verifying its existence. This tutorial is designed for Python developers and database enthusiasts, offering expert insights and practical examples to enhance your MongoDB skills.

1. Creating a Database in MongoDB

MongoDB stands out for its simplicity in creating databases. Unlike traditional databases, MongoDB does not require an explicit creation command. A database is created automatically when you first store data in a collection (which is analogous to a table in relational databases).

Here’s how you can create a database in MongoDB:

  • First, connect to the MongoDB server. Assuming you have MongoDB installed and running, open your terminal or command prompt and type mongo. This command initiates the MongoDB shell, an interactive JavaScript interface to MongoDB.
  • To create a new database, use the use command followed by your desired database name. For example:
use myNewDatabase
  • This command switches to a database named “myNewDatabase.” If it doesn’t exist, MongoDB creates it as soon as you insert data into a collection.
  • Now, let’s insert some data. For example, to create a collection named “customers” with a simple document, you would use the following command:
db.customers.insertOne({ name: "John Doe", age: 30 })
  • With this, you’ve created a new database “myNewDatabase” with a collection “customers” containing one document.

2. Checking if a Database Exists

After creating a database, you might want to verify if it’s been created successfully or check the list of existing databases. MongoDB provides a simple command for this:

  • In the MongoDB shell, you can list all databases by using:
show dbs
  • This command displays all databases on the MongoDB server, including yours, if it was successfully created. Note that MongoDB only lists databases that contain at least one collection with a document.
  • To specifically check for the existence of your newly created database, use the db command to find the current database you are connected to, and then use show dbs to verify its existence in the list:
show dbs
  • If your database contains data, it should appear in the list.


Creating and verifying databases in MongoDB is straightforward, making it an excellent choice for developers who value efficiency and simplicity. By following these steps, you can seamlessly integrate MongoDB into your Python projects, enhancing your applications’ data handling capabilities.

Remember, MongoDB’s flexibility and ease of use don’t compromise its power. As you become more familiar with its features, you’ll discover why it’s a top choice for modern database management.