What’s the Difference Between a Python Module and a Python Package?

What’s the Difference Between a Python Module and a Python Package?
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The two core components of the high-level programming language Python are Python code and modules. The module in this case is a straightforward Python script with the.py suffix that comprises collections of functions and global variables. A Python package, on the other hand, is a directory that compiles modules. The __init__.py file, which the interpreter has been treating as a package, has also been a part of it. 

Module in Python

What is a Module in Python?

The module of Python can be described as a simple type of Python file with a combination of different functions that have been used to provide various functionalities in an effective program. 

These modules are necessarily programming statements of Python that contain different kinds of Python functions. Those functions have been used for various operations in a program related to Python. Python modules can be a fully functional, ready-made library that is accessible to both users and developers. 

What is a Package in Python?

  • For creating large-scale based applications of the real world, all the large codes have been divided into smaller pieces for performing functionalities more effectively. It has resulted in different kinds of modules. In this aspect for collaborating with all concerned modules,  __init__.py file, and Python package have been created. 
  • It informs the interpreter of Python that the provided folder is a Python package alongside any source code that the Python package has served as a user-variable interface. This functionality prevents any functionally runtime script from utilizing an effective Python package at a particular moment. It properly shows the main difference between the Python package and the Python module. For example, to import a package, you must type (import math); in this code, the package’s name is math. 
Package in Python
Read more: Know About Data Structures and Algorithms in Python

What Makes Python Package Different from Modules?

A Python package has been described as defining the code as an individual unit for each function in the time of using a library. Modules are unique libraries that have a core set of features.

Furthermore, it may be said that packages have an advantage over modules in terms of reusability. Reusability makes the Python package different from the module of Python. Here are some reasons why the differences have happened:

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Explicit Namespaces

  • The default namespace has been interpreted for the first time, and the program has been delivered through the explicit namespace. Identification of coding can be done with the source code of these namespaces. 
  • A coder might, however, include them from the library. Being familiar with the general namespaces for executing the code appropriately and directly has always been recommended. 
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Convenience API 

  • It enables the user to take himself right to the core of the code and provides chances to make it simple to observe all the problems effectively. The code can be used as user-interface code anytime to provide a better experience. 

Difference Between Python Module and Python Package

Python ModulePython Package
It is an individual Python file that can be imported into other modules.Python package is a gathering of modules organized into a directory hierarchy.
During this time, import contents of modules have been placed inside the namespace.A package may have different sub-packages along with modules. All the modules and sub-packages have their namespace individually.
In the time of foremost importing into a program, the module has been initialized. The package has been initialized when its one module has been imported successfully.
A module can be directly installed using various import keywords followed by the module’s name.It has been installed by utilizing the import keyword that the package’s name has followed. The user can access the module and sub-packages in the package using dot notation. 

The Python package has worked better than the Python module, and it has been observed from the above-analyzed discussion the difference between the module and the package of Python.

Conclusion

It can be concluded in this way that during the time of writing anything in Python, both the module and package of Python have provided great help to the user. The Python module and package have supported certain functionalities that must be remembered. 

It has been observed that the main distinction between these two aspects can be depicted as a module of Python has served as a ready-made library, and a Python package has been explored as a user-variable interface. 

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